心理輔導 is frequently called”talk therapy” since it entails a patient and a psychotherapist sitting in a room talking, but it’s quite a bit more than that. Psychotherapists have instruction in many different techniques which might be used to be able to assist patients to recuperate from emotional illness, solve personal problems, and make desirable changes in their own lives.
Psychotherapy may be an effective remedy for melancholy since it will be able to help you delve deeper into the underlying causes of your melancholy and find new coping skills.
A number of the therapeutic modalities explained below have proof behind their advantage from treating depression. Several studies imply, however, the combination of an antidepressant and psychotherapy is the best strategy, due to the biopsychosocial roots of the majority of mood disorders.
The Most Common Types Used for Depression
Cognitive Therapy: At the center of cognitive therapy is the notion that our thoughts can influence our emotions. By way of instance, if people choose to search for the silver lining in each adventure, we’ll be more inclined to feel great compared to if we just concentrate on the negative. Cognitive therapy helps individuals to learn how to recognize common patterns of negative thinking, known as cognitive distortions and to turn these negative thought patterns into more positive ones, thereby improving the individual’s mood.
Behavioral Therapy: Behavioral therapy is a kind of psychotherapy that focuses on altering undesired behaviors. It employs the fundamentals of classical and operant conditioning so as to reinforce desirable behaviours while removing undesirable behaviours.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Because cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy work nicely with each other to aid depression and anxiety disorders, both are usually combined within an approach known as cognitive-behavioral therapy(CBT).
Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Dialectical behavior therapy is a Sort of CBT. Its principal objective is to instruct the individual abilities to deal with stress, modulate emotions, and enhance relationships with other people. Dialectical behavior therapy comes from a philosophical procedure called dialectics. Dialectics is based upon the notion that everything consists of opposites, which change happens when a opposing force is more powerful than another. This sort of psychotherapy additionally incorporates mindfulness practices in Buddhist customs.
Psychodynamic Therapy: Psychodynamic treatment relies on the premise that depression can happen due to unresolved–generally unconscious–battles, frequently originating from youth. The aims of the sort of treatment are for the individual to become more mindful of the entire assortment of emotions, such as troubling and contradictory ones, and also to assist the patient more efficiently endure these feelings and place them in a more practical perspective.
Interpersonal Therapy: Interpersonal therapy is a kind of treatment that focuses on past and current social roles and social interactions. During therapy, the therapist normally chooses one or two issue areas from the patient’s present life to concentrate on.
Various Types of Psychotherapy Formats
Individual Therapy: This modality involves one-on-one function between therapist and patient. It helps the individual to have the entire attention of the therapist but is restricted because it doesn’t enable the therapist a chance to discover the individual within family or social relationships.
Family Therapy: This strategy is most helpful when it’s critical to work on dynamics within the household .
Group Therapy: Group treatment normally involves anywhere from three to fifteen patients. It gives patients the chance to give and get group support in dealing with their specific issues and provides therapists the opportunity to see how they interact in group settings. It might also be a less costly option to individual treatment.
Couples Therapy: This kind of treatment is geared toward married couples and people in committed relationships who want to enhance their operation as a few .
Find the Best Technique and Therapist for You
Recommendations from others may often be the ideal method to discover a fantastic therapist however, in the long run, it is your responsibility to choose whether the two of you click. It is well within your rights to”interview” a new therapist and, even if you think things aren’t working, to try out a fresh one.